Periodontitis Symptoms and Treatments
A Look at Periodontitis, and How You and Your Gatineau Dentist Can Help Treat It
Periodontitis is a common type of gum disease caused by plaque and tartar build-up above and below the gum line. Gum disease starts with gingivitis, and if left untreated, will progress into periodontitis. Characteristics of periodontitis include inflammation, gums pulling away from teeth, and infected pockets below the gum line. Serious risks of periodontitis include damage to the gum tissue and bone supporting your teeth, causing loose teeth and potential tooth loss. However, a Gatineau dentist can help treat periodontitis before it becomes too serious.
The following are common symptoms and treatments for periodontitis, and lifestyle recommendations to prevent future gum disease.
Symptoms of Periodontitis
Although there may not be any symptoms during the onset of gum disease, the following symptoms are signs of periodontitis, and should be addressed and treated by your dentist to prevent your symptoms from worsening:
- Bad breath;
- Bleeding gums;
- Red, swollen, or sore gums;
- Pain while chewing;
- Loose teeth; and,
- Sensitive teeth.
Treatments for Periodontitis
Your dentist in Gatineau will examine your teeth and gums to assess which treatment is necessary for your periodontitis. Common treatments include:
- Deep cleaning to remove bacteria, plaque, and tartar build-up;
- Medication, such as antibiotic gels and microspheres, antiseptic chips, antimicrobial mouthwash, and enzyme suppressants;
- Surgical treatment for the most serious cases of periodontitis. This includes flap surgery to remove tartar from deep periodontal pockets, and bone/tissue grafts to promote bone and gum tissue growth where periodontitis has destroyed the bone and tissue.
Lifestyle Tips to Prevent Gum Disease
To avoid gum disease and the onset of periodontitis, make sure to take proper care of yourself. This includes both your oral and your overall physical and emotional health. Tips for following a healthy lifestyle include:
- Brush teeth twice a day with fluoride toothpaste;
- Floss teeth daily;
- Use antibacterial toothpaste and mouthwash;
- Visit your dentist every six months for a checkups and cleanings;
- Avoid tobacco products;
- Reduce stress in your life; and,
- Eat a balanced diet for proper nutrition.
Gum disease is easily preventable by following these tips and starting an oral care routine. If you have any concerns about the health of your teeth and gums, visit your dentist in Gatineau for recommendations and treatments. It’s better to treat gum disease early on. If you ignore your oral health, you will risk discomfort, pain, and potential loss of your teeth from serious cases of periodontitis.